Jeannett A. Izquierdo-Vega, Diego A. Arteaga-Badillo, Manuel Sánchez-Gutiérrez, José A. Morales-González, Nancy Vargas-Mendoza, Carlos A. Gómez-Aldapa, Javier Castro-Rosas, Luis Delgado-Olivares, Eduardo Madrigal-Bujaidar. Organic Acids from Roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.). A Brief Review of Its Pharmacological Efectsand Eduardo Madrigal-Santillán. Biomedicines. 8 (2020) 100. doi:10.3390/biomedicines8050100
Roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.), also known as jamaica in Spanish, is a perennial plant that grows in tropical and subtropical regions, including China, Egypt, Indonesia, Mexico, Nigeria, Thailand, and Saudi Arabia. It has a long history of uses, mainly focused on culinary, botanical, floral, cosmetic, and medicinal uses. The latter being of great impact due to the diuretic, choleretic, analgesic, antitussive, antihypertensive, antimicrobial, immunomodulatory, hepatoprotective, antioxidant, and anti-cancer effects. These therapeutic properties have been attributed to the bioactive compounds of the plant, mainly phenolic acids, flavonoids, anthocyanins, and organic acids (citric, hydroxycitric, hibiscus, tartaric, malic, and ascorbic). Most literature reviews and meta-analyses on the therapeutic potential of Hibiscus sabdariffa L. (Hs) compounds have not adequately addressed the contributions of its organic acids present in the Hs extracts. This review compiles information from published research (in vitro, in vivo, and clinical studies) on demonstrated pharmacological properties of organic acids found in Hs. The intent is to encourage and aid researchers to expand their studies on the pharmacologic and therapeutic effects of Hs to include assessments of the organic acid components.