Producción Científica Profesorado

Optimization of the acid hydrolysis of cladodes of opuntia ficus-indica by response surface methodology



Gómez Aldapa, Carlos Alberto

2018

Texco-López, A., Cadena-Ramírez, A., Álvarez-Cervantes, J., Tovar-Jiménez, X., Gómez-Aldapa, C.A., Castro-Rosas, J., Téllez-Jurado, A., Revista Mexicana de Ingeniera Quimica, (2018), 17(3) 1095-1104DOI: 10.24275/uam/izt/dcbi/revmexingquim/2018v17n3/Texco


Abstract


The self-sustaining nature of renewable energies makes it necessary to continuously search for substrates that satisfy a growing interest in the production of biofuels, taking care of areas such as food security. In this work we optimized a hydrolysis process of Opuntia ficus-indica cladodes using acid diluted and surface response methodology. The nopal is a secondary crop widely distributed in arid and semi-arid zones and recently investigated for its potential in the biofuel industry given its versatility as a crop. The result of this optimization was the production of 20,825 mg mL- 1 of total reducing sugars (TRS), at 27.25 minutes of reaction and with a solution of 3.46% sulfuric acid. The main sugars obtained in the hydrolyzed were galactose (57.14%), arabinose (20.51%), glucose (13.18%) and xylose (9.17%). Also, it emphasizes the value of humidity of this culture (90%) and the low amount of lignin present (2.70%).



Producto de Investigación




Artículos relacionados

CARACTERIZACIÓN FISICOQUÍMICA DEL LACTOSUERO EN EL VALLE DE TULANCINGO

EFECTO DEL EXTRACTO DE LA CEREZA EN LA REDUCCIÓN DE COLESTEROL.

Evaluación del Efecto Antihiperglucémico del Bagazo de Naranja (Citrus sinensis var. Valencia) en Es...

The Avrami Index and the Fractal Dimension in Vegetable Oil Crystallization

CARACTERIZACIÓN DEL ALMIDÓN DE DOS VARIEDADES DE SORGO DEL ESTADO DE TAMAULIPAS

Characterization of Main Anthocyanins Extracted from Pericarp Blue Corn by MALDI-ToF MS

CALIDAD MICROBIOLÓGICA DE PALETAS BASE AGUA Y BASE LÁCTEA ELABORADAS EN EL ESTADO DE HIDALGO, MÉXICO

Incidence and Behavior of Salmonella and Escherichia coli on Whole and Sliced Zucchini Squash (Cucur...

Chemical and Physicochemical Properties of Maize Starch After Industrial Nixtamalization

Sensory profile and Chemicals composition of Opuntia joconostle from Hidalgo, Mexico