Viability and Proteolytic Capacity of Lactobacillus bulgaricus 2772 and Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG during Cheese Ripening (2014). L. G. González-Olivares, Z. L. López-Cuellar, J. Añorve-Morga, M. J. Franco-Fernández, A. Castañeda-Ovando, E. Contreras-López, J. Jaimez-Ordaz, G. M. Rodriguez-Serrano. Journal of Biosciences and Medicines. 2 (3): 7-12. http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/jbm.2014.23002
Nowadays, probiotics have been utilized as starter cultures in the elaboration of fermented dairyproducts such as cheese. The survival of probiotic microorganisms in this type of products is veryimportant in order to have a beneficial effect after their consumption. In addition to this, milkproteins are considered an important source of bioactive peptides. These peptides have beenidentified in hydrolyzed products of milk proteins and dairy products such as cheese. In this study,the protective effect on the survival of Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG was determined in a cheesewhich was inoculated only with this probiotic microorganism, and in another cheese additionallyinoculated with Lactobacillus bulgaricus 2772 (exopolysaccharide producer bacteria). The ripeningof these cheeses took place for 28 days at two different temperatures (4?C and 14?C). The proteolyticcapacity was analyzed by measuring the concentration of free amino groups, through thetrinitrobenzenesulfonic acid method (TNBS). The separation of peptides was carried out by polyacrylamidegel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) with 15% T. At the end of the study it was found thatthe population density was higher in the cheeses ripened at 14?C while at 4?C, it decreased. Ahigher proteolytic activity at 14?C was also observed and it was determined by a higher concentrationof free amino groups. Likewise, during the analysis of electrophoresis gels, a higher concentrationof peptides smaller than 10 kDa was found in the samples of cheeses ripened at 14?C. Theseresults increase the expectations to find peptides with a biological function.