Simplicio González-Montiel, René Velázquez-Jiménez , Diego Martínez-Otero, Daniel Mendoza-Espinosa, J. Manuel Vásquez-Pérez, Noemí Andrade-López, Julián Cruz-Borbolla, Oscar Muñoz-Granados, Journal of Molecular Structure 1176 (2019) 54-65 doi:10.1016/j.molstruc.2018.08.060
Monoaza-dithia- (1a e 3a) and diaza-tetrathia- (1b and 3b) macrocycles with a pendant 2-pyridylmethylfragment have been prepared by the reaction between 2-(aminomethyl)pyridine with dibromidedithioetherderivatives. Four of the macrocycles have been characterized by X-ray crystallography,revealing the formation of two 14- and 15-membered monoaza-dithiaethers, and two 26- and 30-membered diaza-tetrathiaether macrocycles featuring one or two exo-2-pyridylmethyl fragments,respectively. The monoaza-dithiaethers macrorings adopt a twisted conformation while the diazatetrathiaethersmacrorings display a rectangular conformation. Intramolecular interactions of macrorings2a, 3a, 1b and 3b were studied by non-covalent interaction analysis. It was found that smallermacrorings are less stable than larger ones due to larger strain energies and that intramoleculardispersive interactions and hydrogen bonding play an important role in the macrocycle conformationadopted.