L. H. MENDOZA-HUIZAR, C.H. RIOS-REYES, G.A. ÁLVAREZ-ROMERO, M.E. PALOMAR-PARDAVÉ, M.T. RAMÍREZ-SILVA, J. Chil. Chem. Soc., 2017, 62(1), 3411-3416
In the present work, we have analyzed the electrophilic and nucleophilic chemical reactivity of the neutral and anionic chlorophenoxyacetic acid herbicides,4-CPA, 24D-CPA, 34-CPA and 245T-CPA at the X/6-311++G(2d,2p) level of theory (where X= wB97XD, MPW91B1K and MP2). Chemical reactivity wasanalyzed in the aqueous phase and employing global and local DFT reactivity descriptors. The structural parameters derived from DFT calculations are equivalentto those obtained at the MP2 level. The Fukui Function values suggest that nucleophilic attacks to the neutral and anionic forms would cause dechlorination on24D-CPA, 34-CPA and 245T-CPA and hydrogen abstraction in 4-CPA. At pH values lower than 2.7, electrophilic attacks would cause the cleavage of the etherbond in 4-CPA, 24D-CPA and 34-CPA and dechlorination in 245T-CPA. But, at pH > 3.6, electrophiles may cleave the ether bond to start the degradation of thefour CPAs.