Laura Olivia Alemán-Vázquez 1,*, José Luis Cano-Domínguez, Enelio Torres-García and José Roberto Villagómez-Ibarra, Industrial Aplication of Catalytic Sistems for n-Heptano Isomerization. Molecules, (2011), 16, 5916-5927, ISSN:1420-3049
The ideal gasoline must have a high pump octane number, in the 86 to 94 range,and a low environmental impact. Alkanes, as a family, have much lower photochemicalreactivities than aromatics or olefins, but only the highly branched alkanes have adequateoctane numbers. The purpose of this work is to examine the possibilities of extending thetechnological alternative of paraffin isomerization to heavier feedstocks (i.e., n-heptane)using non-conventional catalytic systems which have been previously proposed in theliterature: a Pt/sulfated zirconia catalyst and a molybdenum sub-oxide catalyst. Under theexperimental conditions at which these catalysts have been evaluated, the molybdenumsub-oxide catalyst maintains a good activity and selectivity to isomerization after 24 h,while the Pt/sulfated zirconia catalyst shows a higher dimethylpentanes/methylhexanesratio, probably due to a lower operating temperature, but also a high formation of crackingproducts, and presents signs of deactivation after 8 h. Though much remains to be done,the performance of these catalysts indicates that there are good perspectives for their industrial application in the isomerization of n-heptane and heavier alkanes.