Producción Científica Profesorado

Edentulism risk indicators among Mexican elders 60-year-old and older

Márquez Corona, María de Lourdes


Márquez-Corona María de Lourdes. Edentulism risk indicators among Mexican elders 60-year-old and older. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics; 2011, 53 258 262


The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of edentulism in Mexican elders aged 60 years and older, and the associated risk indicators. A cross-sectional study was undertaken in 139 elders living in either of two long-term care (LTC) facilities, or attending an adult day center (ADC) in Pachuca, Mexico. A subject was edentulous when natural teeth were completely absent, determined through a clinical examination. Risk indicators were collected using questionnaires. Analyses were performed using binary logistic regression in STATA 9.0. Mean age was 79.0 _ 9.8 years. Many subjects were women (69.1%). The prevalence of edentulism was 36.7%. In multivariate analysis, after adjusting for age and sex, the variables that were inversely associated (p < 0.05) with edentulism were living with a spouse (odds ratio = OR = 0.31), and lacking health insurance (OR = 0.70). Variables associated with higher risk of being edentate were lower educational attainment (OR = 1.61), having received radiation therapy (OR = 4.49), being a smoker (OR = 4.82), and having diabetes (OR = 2.94) or other chronic illnesses (OR = 1.82) (with hypertension approaching significance, p = 0.067). In this sample of Mexican elders, diverse variables were associated with edentulism, in particular smoking and past radiotherapy. Oral health programs within and outside LTC/ADC should take into account risk factors specific to the older population.

Artículos relacionados

Utilización de servicios odontológicos de salud por niños menores de cinco años con seguridad social

Dental needs and socio-economic status associated with Utilization of dental services in the presenc...

Socioeconomic determinants of inequality and self-reported morbidity among adolescents in a developi...

Dental health services utilization in children 6-12 year old in a low-income country

Dental attition and associated factors in adolescents 14 to 19 years of age: A pilot study

Factors Influencing the Use of Dental Health Services by Preschool Children in Mexico

Prevalencia de accidentes de tránsito no fatales en México: Resultados de la Encuesta Nacional de Sa...

Perfil epidemiológico de la caries dental y enfermedad periodontal, en Nicaragua año 2005

Association between Diabetes Mellitus and Hypertension with Anthropometric Indicators in Older Adult...

Factores asociados a la pérdida del primer molar permanente en escolares de Campeche, México