Miranda, J.M., Mondragon, A., Rodriguez, J.A., Guarddon, M., Nebot, C.G., Galan-Vidal, C.A., Coronel-Olivares C. Presence and antimicrobial resistance of Escherichia coli isolated from foodstuffs in Hidalgo State (Mexico), CyTA Journal of Food, 2010, Vol. 8, p. 1521, ISSN 1947-6337
The presence of Escherichia coli in foods taken from the grocery stores and the supermarkets in Hidalgo State (Mexico) was determined for 73 samples of poultry meat, 60 samples of pork, 86 samples of beef, and 66 samples of vegetables. A total of 352 E. coli strains were isolated, identified, and analyzed by an agar disk diffusion assay for their resistance to 10 antimicrobials. Poultry meat and vegetables taken from groceries showed significantly higher counts (P = 0.0002 and P = 0.0461, respectively) when compared with the samples taken from supermarkets. Compared with the isolates recovered from other foods, E. coli isolated from chicken meat had higher levels of antimicrobial resistance against all antimicrobials tested, with the exceptions of nitrofurantoin resistance of isolates from pork and streptomycin resistance in isolates from pork and beef. In addition, the E. coli isolates from samples taken from the groceries showed higher resistance rates than the isolates from samples taken from the supermarkets for the cases of pork isolates resistance to ampicillin (P = 0.0497), chloramphenicol (P = 0.0075), doxycycline (P = 0.002), and streptomycin (P = 0.0094) and beef isolates resistance against ampicillin (P = 0.0048), streptomycin (P = 0.002), and sulfisoxazole (P = 0.003). The present study revealed that the observed resistance rates correlated well with those reported in the national surveillance programmes of developed countries, with the exception of isolates from chicken meat, which have higher resistance rates. Also, from a microbiological safety point of view, samples taken from supermarkets were in a much better conditions than those obtained from the groceries.