García-Reyes M., Beltrán-Hernández R.I., Vázquez-Rodríguez G.A., Coronel-Olivares C., Medina-Moreno S.A., Juárez-Santillán L.F., Lucho-Constantino C.A. (2017) Formation, morphology and biotechnological applications of filamentous fungal pellets: A review. Revista Mexicana de Ingeniería Química 16(3): 703-720.
Bioprocesses with fungal biomass have been the subject of a growing interest in biotechnology industry because they representa rich source of enzymes, antibiotics, vitamins, and complex metabolites, which have a great potential for pharmaceutical,agricultural, and environmental applications, among others. Filamentous fungi have dierent growth patterns (as mycelia, clumps,and pellets) in industrial processes. Therefore, the study of the morphology presented by this group of organisms is necessary toestablish the conditions of production of new products or to improve the existing processes, even at the laboratory scale. Amongthe various forms of fungal growth, the formation of pellets represents many advantages in bioprocesses, and thus it is interestingto determine the factors that induce it. This manuscript describes the state of the art of fungal pellets, provides information onconditions of both inoculation and incubation that favor the formation of pellets at laboratory scale, as well as the advantages,applications and perspectives that pellets have in the field of biotechnology.