Garcia, F. L. and Gonzaga de Resende, Valdirene andDe Grave, E. and Peigney, Alain and Barnabé, Antoine and Laurent, Christophe ( 2009) Iron-stabilized nanocrystalline ZrO2 solid solutions: Synthesis by combustion and thermal stability. Materials Research Bulletin, 44 (6). pp. 1301-1311. ISSN 025-5408
The synthesis of Fe3+-stabilized zirconia by the nitrate/urea combustion route was investigated. Usingseveral characterization techniques, including X-ray diffraction, field-emission-gun scanning electronmicroscopy and notably Mo ssbauer spectroscopy, it was possible to determine the appropriate amountof urea that allows to obtain a totally stabilized Zr0.9Fe0.1O1.95 solid solution. The nanocrystalline zirconia solid solution is mostly tetragonal, but the presence of the cubic phase could not be ruled out. An indepthstudy of the thermal stability in air showed that the Fe3+ solubility in the stabilized solid solution starts to decrease at about 875 8C which results in the formation of hematite (possibly containing some Zr4+) at the surface of the zirconia grains and further provokes the progressive transformation into the monoclinic zirconia phase.