Ortiz, M.I., Castañeda-Hernández, G., Izquierdo-Vega, J.A., Sánchez-Gutiérrez, M., Ponce-Monter, H.A., Granados-Soto, V. (2012). Role of ATP-sensitive K(+) channels in the antinociception induced by non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in streptozotocin-diabetic and non-diabetic rats. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 102, 163-169.
There is evidence that systemic sulfonylureas block diclofenac-induced antinociception in normal rat, suggesting that diclofenac activates ATP-sensitive K(+) channels. However, there is no evidence for the systemic interaction between different non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and sulfonylureas in streptozotocin (STZ)-diabetic rats. Therefore, this work was undertaken to determine whether two sulfonylureas, glibenclamide and glipizide, have any effect on the systemic antinociception that is induced by diclofenac (30 mg/kg), lumiracoxib (56 mg/kg), meloxicam (30 mg/kg), metamizol (56 mg/kg) and indomethacin (30 mg/kg) using the non-diabetic and STZ-diabetic rat formalin test. Systemic injections of NSAIDs produced dose-dependent antinociception during the second phase of the test in both non-diabetic and STZ-diabetic rats. Systemic pretreatment with glibenclamide (10 mg/kg) and glipizide (10 mg/kg) blocked diclofenac-induced systemic antinociception in the second phase of the test (P<0.05) in both non-diabetic and STZ-diabetic rats. In contrast, pretreatment with glibenclamide or glipizide did not block lumiracoxib-, meloxicam-, metamizol-, and indomethacin-induced systemic antinociception (P>0.05) in both groups. Results showed that systemic NSAIDs are able to produce antinociception in STZ-diabetic rats. Likewise, data suggest that diclofenac, but not other NSAIDs, activated K(+) channels to induce its systemic antinociceptive effect in the non-diabetic and STZ-diabetic rat formalin test.