M. del Refugio Torres-Vitela, Carlos A. Gómez Aldapa, Jorge F. Cerna-Cortes, Angélica Villarruel-López, Esmeralda Rangel-Vargas and Javier Castro-Rosas. 2013. Presence of indicator bacteria, diarrhoeagenic E. coli pathotypes and Salmonella in fresh carrot juice from Mexican restaurants. Letters in Applied Microbiology. 56:180-185.
Coliform bacteria (CB), faecal coliforms (FC), Escherichia coli, diarrhoeagenic E. coli pathotypes (DEP) and Salmonella frequencies were determined for fresh carrot juice from restaurants in Pachuca city, Mexico. Two hundred and eighty carrot juice samples were purchased in three types of restaurants: (A), national chain restaurants; (B), local restaurants; and (C), very small restaurants. Two restaurants for each A and B, and three for C, were included. Forty juice samples were purchased at each restaurant. All tested juice samples had poor microbiological quality. Of these samples, 100, 968, 543, 89 and 86% had CB, FC, E. coli, DEP and Salmonella, respectively. CB were present in all juice samples regardless of source, with limits ranging from 36 × 102 to 85 × 107 CFU ml?1, and the limits for FC and E. coli were <3 to 1100 MPN ml?1 and <3 to 460 MPN, respectively. DEP and Salmonella were isolated from samples from all the restaurants at levels of 5% or above: DEP, 5% (A1, B2), 10% (A2, B1, C1, C2) and 125% (C3); Salmonella, 5% (A1, A2, B2), 75% (C2), 10% (C1), 125% (B1) and 15% (C3).