Ortiz-Pulido, R. y Martínez-García, V. 2006. A breeding female Lucifer Hummingbird (Calothorax lucifer) with iridescent chin feathers. Journal of Field Ornithology 77: 71-73. DOI: 10.1111/j.1557-9263.2006.00010.x
We report an observation of a female Lucifer Hummingbird (Calothorax lucifer) with iridescent feathers on the chin, resembling the plumage of the juvenile male. The female and nest were found in a xeric shrubland in Barranca de Metztitlán Biosphere Reserve, Hidalgo State, Mexico. This is the first definitive report of a breeding female with such plumage, supporting a previous observation in which sex was not confirmed by behavior. Although this condition appears be rare in female Lucifer Hummingbirds, females in other species of hummingbirds exhibit much variation in the amount of iridescent plumage on the chin and in some, such as Costa's Hummingbirds (Calypte costae), females commonly exhibit colored feathers on the chin.