Brenda Ponce-Lira, Ph.D.; Elena Maria Otazo-Sanchez, Ph.D.; Edilso Reguera, Ph.D.; Otilio A Acevedo-Sandoval, Ph.D.; Francisco Prieto-Garcia, Ph.D.; Cesar Abelardo Gonzalez-Ramirez, Ph.D. Lead removal from aqueous solution by basaltic scoria. Adsorption equilibrium and kinetics. International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, DOI: 10.1007/s13762-016-1234-6,
Pb-contaminated water is a dangerous threat occurring near metallurgic and mining industries. This circumstance produces serious environment concern, due to Pb(II) high toxic effects. Several reactive materials have been reported for Pb(II) adsorption, but not all reached final Pb(II) suitable concentrations, or they are expensive and rejected in massive remediation technologies; hence, natural materials are good options. The adsorption behavior of a volcanic scoria (two sieved fractions 1425 and <425 m) was studied toward synthetic Pb(II) water solutions in batch experiments (170.4?912.3 mg L?1) with high removal efficiencies (97%). The Langmuir model fits both fractions with high linear correlation coefficients (0.9988 and 0.9949) with high maximum capacity values (588.23 and 555.55 mg g?1). Separation factor RL parameter varies with initial concentration, and the empirical equation predicts the limits of the material usefulness, a criterion proposed in this paper for conditions? selection. The Lagergren pseudo-second-order analysis demonstrates chemisorption; calculated rate constant (416.66 mg g?1 min?1). Weber?Morris intraparticle model proves that the adsorption phenomena occur fast on the material surface (kinst = 72 g mg?1 min?0.5). The characterization of the volcanic material afforded the elemental composition (X-ray fluorescence), and the empirical formula was proposed. X-ray diffraction patterns verify the material structure as basalt, with a plagioclase structure that matches anorthite and albite, mostly composed of quartz. The presence of oxides on the material surface explain the high Pb(II) adsorption capacity, observed on the surface by scanning electronic microscopy. The studied volcanic scoria has potential use as a Pb(II) adsorbent in water remediation technologies.