Flores-Ruiz, Hugo M. and Naumis, Gerardo G. (2011). Boson peak as a consequence of rigidity: A perturbation theory approach. Phys. Rev. B, 83, 1-7.
Some evidence is provided that the boson peak and floppy modes share a common origin. In the particular case of periodic systems, we show how a boson peak occurs as a consequence of a reduction of constraints in an overconstrained lattice, in contrast to floppy modes, which occur for a reduction of constraints in a flexible or isostatic lattice. In fact, the present approach allows us to follow the transformation of the boson peak into a floppy mode when a system goes from rigid to flexible. We use perturbation theory and Green?s functions to see how resonances appear in the low-frequency region of the local vibrational density of states. For overconstrained lattices, we found that the boson peak frequency depends on the square root of the coordination of the lattice, and is at most 0.3 of the Debye frequency, a value close to the observed experimental ratio of 0.1. We also obtain the expected Rayleigh scattering for overconstrained networks, while we predict a different scattering for isostatic networks due to their critical nature. As an example, the effects of removing constraints are analyzed in a face-center-cubic lattice, and the same consequences are observed in a square network with and without diagonal links.