G. Alarcón-Flores, M. García-Hipólito, M. Aguilar-Frutis, S. Carmona-Téllez, R. Martinez-Martinez, M. P. Campos-Arias, E. Zaleta-Alejandre, C. Falcony; Materials Chemistry and Physics 149-150 (2015) 34-42.
Terbium, europium and yttrium ? diketonates have been synthesized from acetylacetone and inorganic metal salts and used as precursors for the deposition of Tb3+ or Eu3+ doped Y2O3 polycrystalline films by the ultrasonic spray pyrolysis technique. The films were deposited on c-Si substrates at temperatures in the 400?550 C range. The optical and structural characterization of these films as a function of substrate temperature and Tb3+ and Eu3+ concentration was carried out by means of photoluminescence (PL), cathodoluminescence (CL), infrared (IR), ellipsometry, and UV?visible spectroscopy and atomic force microscopy (AFM), energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) and X ray diffraction (XRD) measurements respectively. The PL intensity from these films was found to depend on deposition temperature. Films deposited above 450 C exhibited the characteristic PL peaks associated with either Tb3+ or Eu3+ intra electronic energy levels transitions. The most intense PL emission was found for dopant concentration of 10 at% for Tb3+ and at 8 at% for Eu3+ ions into precursor solution. In both cases concentration quenching of the PL emission was observed for concentrations above these values. The films had a refractive index (1.81), low average surface roughness (?62 Å) and a UV?Vis. transmission of the order of 90 %T.