FRANCISCO PATIÑO, MIZRAIM U FLORES, IVÁN A REYES, MARTÍN REYES, JUAN HERNÁNDEZ, ISAURO RIVERA, JULIO C JUÁREZ, ALKALINE DECOMPOSITION OF SYNTHETIC JAROSITE WITH ARSENIC, GEOCHEMICAL TRANSACTIONS, VOL. 14:2, (2013), ISSN 1467-4866, DOI:10.1186/1467-4866-14-2, EDITOR KEN B. ANDERSON, FACTOR DE IMPACTO 1.5,
The widespread use of jarosite-type compounds to eliminate impurities in the hydrometallurgical industry is due to their capability to incorporate several elements into their structures. Some of these elements are of environmental importance (Pb2+, Cr6+, As5+, Cd2+, Hg2+). For the present paper, AsO43- was incorporated into the lattice of synthetic jarosite in order to carry out a reactivity study. Alkaline decomposition is characterized by removal of sulfate and potassium ions from the lattice and formation of a gel consisting of iron hydroxides with absorbed arsenate. Decomposition curves show an induction period followed by a conversion period. The induction period is independent of particle size and exponentially decreases with temperature. The conversion period is characterized by formation of a hydroxide halo that surrounds an unreacted jarosite core. During the conversion period in NaOH media for [OH-]?>?8?×?10-3 mol L-1, the process showed a reaction order of 1.86, and an apparent activation energy of 60.3 kJ mol-1 was obtained. On the other hand, during the conversion period in Ca(OH)2 media for [OH-]?>?1.90?×?10-2 mol L-1, the reaction order was 1.15, and an apparent activation energy of 74.4 kJ mol-1 was obtained. The results are consistent with the spherical particle model with decreasing core and chemical control.