Campos, I., Ortiz, M., Bravo, O., Doñu, M.A., Bravo, D., Tapia, C., Jiménez, M.Y., (2010). Formation and kinetics of FeB/Fe2B layers and diffusion zone at the surface of AISI 316 borided steels. Surface and Coatings Technology 205 (2), 403-412
The kinetics of the FeB/Fe2B layers and diffusion zone at the surface of AISI 316 steels exposed to the powder-pack boriding process were studied in this work. FeB/Fe2B layers and diffusion zone measurements were taken at different temperatures and exposure times to validate diffusion-controlled growth during the boriding process. In order to obtain the boron diffusion coefficients at the FeB/Fe2B layers and diffusion zone, a mathematical model based on the mass balance at the growing interfaces was proposed. The activation energy values estimated for the FeB and Fe2B layers were 204 and 198 kJ mol? 1 respectively. In addition, the activation energy value obtained for the diffusion zone was 116 kJ mol? 1. The diffusion model was extended to estimate the FeB/Fe2B layer thicknesses, and the depth of the diffusion zone at the temperature of 1243 K with 3 and 5 h of exposure, based on the experimental parameters ascribed to the boriding process. Finally, the effects of the FeB/Fe2B growth and diffusion zone, on the weight gain of borided steels and on the instantaneous velocity of the interfaces were incorporated in the model.