Bedolla-Jacuinde A, Zuno-Silva J, Rojas S, Mejia I, and Bejar-Gomez L. (2009). High resistance boron treated steels forrailway applications, Materials Science and Technology,VOL 25 (3), pp. 361-368, DOI 10.1179/174328407X226680
The present study analyses different boron contents (between 10 and 160 ppm) on the structure of a 0?2C?2Mn?1Si (wt-%) steel deformed at a starting temperature of 1050uC in a T. J. Pigott laboratory rolling mill. The steel was made in a laboratory open induction furnace using high purity raw materials and cast into metallic moulds. This experimental steel has proved to have tribological properties, under dry rolling/sliding contact, as good as those for the 0?8% pearlitic steels used in railway applications. Before thermomechanical processing, the steel ingots (70670670 mm) were homogenised at 1100uC for 1?5 h. The thermomechanical treatment wascarried out by a reversed multipass process to reach a level of deformation of 60%. Plastic deformation was finished at ,920uC for all the rolled steels and the plates (706150620 mm) were then water quenched and/or air cooled to room temperature. Results show more bainitic structures as boron content increases in the air cooled steel after hot rolling. For the quenched steels, the structure becomes more martensitic as boron content increases. The best combination of mechanical properties was obtained for the air cooled 76 ppm boron containing steel, which had a lower bainitic structure. This steel had the yield strength of 750 MPa, 15% elongation andthe hardness of 40 HRC. Materials characterisation was carried out by optical and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Results are discussed in terms of the boron segregation towards grain boundaries, the effect of boron on the steel hardenability, as well as on the boroncarbonitrides (CNB) precipitation.