L. Castañeda, C. Torres-Torres, R Rangel-Rojo, L. Tamayo-Rivera and R. Torres-Martínez, "Enhancement of the optical Kerr effect by photobleaching in nanostructured indium-doped zinc oxide thin films", Physica Scripta Vol. 86 No. 5, p. 055601 (2012).
A modification of the nonlinear refractive index exhibited by indium-doped zinc oxide thin solid films deposited by an ultrasonic spray pyrolysis technique, after strong femtosecond laser irradiation, is presented. We used a standard time-resolved optical Kerr gate configuration with 80 fs pulses at 830 nm in order to study the third-order optical nonlinearities of the samples. A significant enhancement of the optical Kerr response was obtained by intense femtosecond excitation, which induced a permanent bleaching in the sample. A quasi-instantaneous pure electronic nonlinearity without the contribution of nonlinear optical absorption was observed. There is a close relationship between the change in linear absorption induced in the indium-doped zinc oxide film after high-intensity irradiation and the strong third-order nonlinearity that develops in the irradiated film.