Indium doped zinc oxide thin films deposited by ultrasonic spray pyrolysis technique: Effect of the substrate temperature on the physical properties, Materials Science in Semiconductor ProcessingVolume 14, Issue 2, June 2011, Pages 114-119
Indium doped zinc oxide (ZnO:In) thin solid films were deposited on soda-lime glass substrates by the ultrasonic spray pyrolysis technique. The effect of the substrate temperature on the electrical, morphology, and optical characteristics of ZnO:In thin films was studied. It was found that, as the substrate temperature increases, the electrical resistivity decreases, reaching a minimum value in the order of 7.3×10?3 ? cm, at 415 C. Further increase in the substrate temperature results on an increment on the electrical resistivity of the thin solid films. All the samples were polycrystalline with a well-defined wurtzite structure. The preferred growth shows a switching from a random orientation at low substrates temperatures to (0 0 2) in the case of films deposited at the highest substrate temperature used. As the substrate temperature increases, the corresponding surface morphology changes from an almost faceted pyramidal to round-shaped form. The optical transmittance of the films in a interval of 400 to 700 nm is around 70%, with a band gap value in the order of 3.45 eV.