Effect of the [Al/Zn] ratio in the starting solution and deposition temperature on the physical properties of sprayed ZnO:Al thin films, Materials LettersVolume 61, Issue 7, March 2007, Pages 1460-1464 preprinted
Aluminum-doped zinc oxide thin films (ZnO:Al) were deposited on sodocalcic glass substrates by the chemical spray technique, using zinc acetate and aluminum pentanedionate as precursors. The effect of the [Al/Zn] ratio in the starting solution, as well as the substrate temperature, on the physical characteristic of ZnO:Al thin films was analyzed. We have found that the addition of Al to the starting solution decreases the electrical resistivity of the films until a minimum value, located between 2 and 3 at.%; a further increase in the [Al/Zn] ratio leads to an increase in the resistivity. A similar resistivity tendency with the substrate temperature was encountered, namely, as the substrate temperature is increased, a minimum value of around 475 C in almost all the cases, was obtained. At higher deposition temperatures the film resistivity suffers an increase. After a vacuum-thermal treatment, performed at 400 C for 1 h, the films showed a resistivity decrease about one order of magnitude, reaching a minimum value, for the films deposited at 475 C, of 4.3 × 10? 3 ? cm. The film morphology is strongly affected by the [Al/Zn] ratio in the starting solution. X-ray analysis shows a (002) preferential growth in all the films. As the substrate temperature increases it is observed a slight increase in the transmittance as well as a shift in the band gap of the ZnO:Al thin films.